Gum disease is an infectious disease that can be seen in the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. Although there is no caries in the teeth, this infection, which can be seen in the tissues surrounding the teeth, can cause bleeding in the teeth, bad breath, shaking and even tooth loss if not treated. Gum diseases, which usually progress painlessly, can often be noticed in the later stages. 

The tissues around the teeth can be defined as the gingiva, jawbone, and periodontal fibers that connect the teeth and jawbone. Types of periodontal disease are determined depending on which of the surrounding tissues the infection affects. In this article, we will share with you all you need to know about the subject.

What Do Healthy Gums Look Like? 

Bleeding gums indicate that you have gum disease. Healthy gums do not bleed, are firmly attached to the teeth, and are pink in colour. Changes in the colour of the gums, which are generally in harmony with the skin colour of the person, can also be a sign of disease from time to time. The symptoms of gum disease are as follows:

First-Stage Gum Disease 

Gum disease occurs in several stages. Early-stage gum disease is known simply as gingivitis. When gingivitis is not treated, the periodontal ligaments, which are the connective tissues that fix the teeth to the jawbone, become inflamed. This degree of gingivitis is called “periodontitis.” Periodontitis is a gingival problem and should be treated promptly. Symptoms of gum disease can be challenging to spot in the early stages.

Inflammatory tissues formed around the gums and teeth can cause bad breath. Apart from this, dental caries, some systemic diseases, sinusitis, pharyngitis, respiratory system diseases, reflux in the stomach, and dietary patterns can also cause bad breath.

Second Stage Gum Disease 

Mild Periodontal Disease: Mild periodontal disease is the second stage of gum disease. It is irreversible but manageable. When you reach the second stage, the infection has spread to the bone and has begun to destroy the bones. The bacteria have become more aggressive, which leads to loss of bone. Root trimming can be used to deep clean the gums. It destroys the bacterial deposits that are deeply rooted in your gums.

What Should I Do To Avoid Gum Disease? 

There are many criteria that you should pay attention to be protected from gum diseases. These are as follows:

  1. Brushing teeth twice a day
  2. Cleaning the interface of the teeth (dental floss- toothpick-interface brush)
  3. Brushing the tongue surface
  4. Smoking exacerbates gum diseases while it can mask the symptoms.
  5. Diseases related to our oral and dental health can be prevented

Eray Sahinsev Dental Clinic is serving medical tourists with its high standards and specialized dental team.  Because of the advanced technology devices, digital dentistry, experienced dentists, patient-oriented team, and easiness of transportation many medical tourists prefer to select Sahinsev Clinic as a medical partner.

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