What is Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery?
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is one of the most important clinical branches of dentistry. This branch covers medical and surgical treatments of esthetic and functional problems of soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity, upper and lower jaws, and the face, caused by congenital or acquired disorders, trauma or any other pathological reason.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are graduates of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department at dental schools. Graduates of this department offer treatment not only for teeth but also for soft tissues such as cheeks, lips, tongue and salivary glands. They identify the problems and determine the surgical procedures that will be applied to hard tissues such as jaw bones and joints.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery deals with;
- Extraction of impacted teeth, with complicated circumstances
- All surgical treatments of infection around the oral cavity and face
- Surgical treatments of cysts and tumors occurring in the jaws
- Surgical treatments of soft tissue diseases of the oral cavity
- Treatment of intraosseous lesions caused by roots of the teeth (Apical Resection)
- Treatments of fractures the took place in the face and jaws
- Surgical correction of soft and hard tissues before prosthetic treatments
- Medical and surgical treatments of the pains occurring in jaws and face
- Medical and surgical treatments of temporomandibular joint disorders
- Treatments of cleft palate
- Medical and surgical treatments of salivary gland disorders
- Surgical correction of deformities causing esthetic and functional problems in the oral cavity, jaws, and face (orthognathic surgery)
- Treatment of bone necrosis caused by medication and radiation therapy for cancer treatment
- Implant operations
How Is It Applied?
Pretreatment photos, x rays, and CBCT data are evaluated by the oral surgeon. Nowadays one of the most important developments in orthognathic surgery is that computer-supported treatment planning is possible. Computer-supported treatment planning gives us the opportunity to have more predictable and faster-acquired results.
Advantages of Corrective Surgery
Recently the most important focal points of oral surgery are to restore lost bone structure and make up for tooth loss using dental implants. Teeth are located inside the bone and functions such as biting or chewing constantly stimulates the osseous tissue, keeping it active. Missing one or more teeth the bone in that area is left without stimuli and resorption begins. In such cases oral surgery takes charge.
Post Op Care
It is important to keep good oral hygiene after having oral surgery. The instructions given by the doctors must be followed. Necessary medical materials must be used in order to avoid bacteria reproduction on the soft tissue of the oral cavity. Otherwise, serious health problems can be encountered after oral surgery.